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6 September 2019 Current Affairs | Today Current Affairs

1. Global Liveability Index 2019

Recently, the Global Liveability Index 2019 was released by The Economist Intelligence Unit.

key points: Under the Economist Intelligence Unit, a particular country is ranked based on the following five categories:

  • Stability
  • Culture and Environment
  • Healthcare
  • Education
  • Infrastructure

Major factors in a city are rated as acceptable, tolerable, uncomfortable, undesirable or unbearable. This report ranked 140 cities in the world based on their living conditions. However, the medium-sized cities of the rich countries performed well in this index.

The main reason for this is the development of public health system, compulsory and high quality education and functional road and rail infrastructure in these cities. Vienna (Austria) topped the list for the second consecutive year. Asian cities have scored below the global average in this index.

Three of the ten lowest scoring cities globally are from Asia:

  • Port Moresby in Papua New Guinea (135th)
  • Karachi of Pakistan (136th)
  • Dhaka of Bangladesh (138th)

Among the BRICS countries, Suzhou city of China topped the 75th position while New Delhi, the capital of India, is at the bottom of the 118th position. According to the report, Western Europe and North America are the best habitable regions in the world. According to the report, Karachi, Tripoli and Dhaka have the lowest number of livable cities while Damascus ranks last.

Its rank has dropped to 25 due to the ‘Yellow Vest’, an anti-government protest in France’s capital Paris. This index first includes the effects of climate change on habitability. These effects include poor air quality, unbearable average temperature and lack of adequate drinking water.

The world’s most livable cities 2019

1. Vienna, Austria
2. Melbourne, Australia
3. Sydney, Australia
4. Osaka, Japan
5. Calgary, Canada
6. Vancouver, Canada
7. Toronto, Canada
7. Tokyo, Japan
9. Copenhagen, Denmark
10. Adelaide, Australia

The world’s least livable cities 2019

1. Damascus, Syria
2. Lagos, Nigeria
3. Dhaka, Bangladesh
4. Tripoli, Libya
5. Karachi, Pakistan
6. Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea
7. Harare, Zimbabwe
8. Douala, Cameroon
9. Algiers, Algeria
10. Caracas, Venezuela

Status of Indian cities

According to the report, Delhi (56.3 score) has been reduced by 6 places to rank 118th and Mumbai (56.2 score) has been ranked 119th. The reason for Mumbai’s rank decrease is the lowering of its cultural score. The decrease in rank of Delhi is due to the decrease in stability score due to its cultural and environmental and increase in crime.

Delhi needs sector based solutions for overall development. For example, the requirement of residential areas for security is different from that of commercial area. Problems such as safety and pollution can be solved by promoting public transport and connectivity to the end point.

The Economist Intelligence Unit

  • This unit is the research and analysis division of the company The Economist Group.
  • It was built in the year 1946.
  • Its main function is to provide forecasting and advisory services.
  • It is headquartered in London.

2. Act for East Policy of India

At the Eastern Economic Forum (EEF) held in Russia, Prime Minister Modi called ‘Act East Policy’ to speed up development work and strengthen relations with Russia in Russia’s Far East Region. Like (Act East policy), ‘Act Far East policy’ has been introduced.

key points:

  • India has also announced a Line of Credit of $ 1 billion for development works in Russia’s Far East under the Act for East Policy.
  • This policy of India will give a new path to the development of Indian economic diplomacy and will further strengthen relations with Russia.
  • It is noteworthy that under its Act East Policy, India is actively working with East Asia.

What is line of credit?

Line of credit-LOC is a type of ‘soft loan’ that is given by the government of one country at a discounted interest rates to the government of another country. The LOC is usually associated with such conditions that the borrowing country will import a fixed share of the total LOC from the lending country. Thus both countries get an opportunity to strengthen their trade and investment relations.

India has so far given Line of Credit to SAARC members, including $ 8 billion to Bangladesh, $ 2 billion to Sri Lanka and $ 1.2 billion to Afghanistan, but India has not yet given Line of Credit to any developed economy.

Such important steps taken by India make India more strong on the international stage. Prime Minister Narendra Modi has set the objective of making India a $ 5 trillion economy by the financial year 2024-25 and to achieve this objective, we should also pay attention to all the areas where India still has little access. In this context, Act for East Policy can prove to be quite profitable.

3. Mudra Yojana For Rojgar Sarjan

Recently a survey has been conducted by the Labor Bureau under the Ministry of Labor and Employment in relation to Pradhan Mantri MUDRA Yojana-PMMY.

Key points related to the survey:

Only one of the five beneficiaries participating in the survey (only 20.6 percent of the total beneficiaries) started a new business using Mudra loan, all the remaining beneficiaries used Mudra loan to expand their existing business.

A total of Rs 5.71 lakh crore was sanctioned under the three categories of currency – Shishu, Kishore and Tarun, while the average size of a loan was Rs 46,536.

Out of the total loans sanctioned under Mudra Yojana in the year 2017-18, three types of loans are shared as follows:

  1. Infant Loan – 42%
  2. Kishore Debt – 34%
  3. Tarun Debt – 24%

The share of new jobs created by the three types of loans under the Mudra scheme in the year 2017-18 is as follows:

  1. Infant Loan – 66%
  2. Kishore Debt – 18.85%
  3. Tarun Debt – 15.51%

Sector-wise Rojgar Sarjan data under Mudra scheme:

  1. Service Sector – 34.34%
  2. Business sector – 33.23%
  3. Agricultural sector – 20.33%
  4. Manufacturing sector – 11.7%

Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana:

The scheme was launched in April 2015 by Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Under this, Surety-free loans are provided to micro, small and medium scale units.

There are three types of loans under the Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana:

  1. Shishu – Loans up to Rs 50,000
  2. Kishor – Loans ranging from Rs 50,001 to Rs 5 lakh
  3. Tarun – Loans from 500,001 to 10 lakh rupees

It aims to use microfinance as a tool of economic development targeting the weaker sections, small manufacturing units, shopkeepers, fruit and vegetable vendors, truck and taxi operators, food service units, repair shops, machine operators , Provides an opportunity to artisans and food producers to generate income.

4. Mobile Science Exhibition

The first mobile science exhibition was launched by the Ministry of Culture in Leh on 5 September 2019 for the entire Ladakh region, this type of science exhibition will also be organized in Aspirational Districts of India.

The Mobile Science Exhibition will benefit the people of Ladakh through their mobility and knowledge.

The Mobile Science Exhibition Program is basically related to the Mobile Science Museum- MSM started in the year 1965.

The purpose of the exhibition is to extend the museum facility to people who do not have access to the museum.

So far this program has been so successful as to complement formal education with non-formal mode of science based education, through this program scientific awareness and creative ability will be developed in the society.

The program is being implemented jointly by the National Council of Science Museums and the Department of Science and Technology, an autonomous institute under the Ministry of Culture.

This program is funded by the Ministry of Culture.

Selected topics for this exhibition:

  1. Measurement
  2. Daily use equipment
  3. Food and health
  4. The interrelation between life and them, with a focus on water
  5. Energy
  6. Cleaning and sanitation
  7. Space science for human welfare

Some of the major objectives of starting this program in Leh, Ladakh region:

  1. Popularization of science and technology among common citizens and students.
  2. Creating scientific awareness in the society.
  3. To generate research spirit in young people.
  4. To motivate the youth to pursue a career in science, technology, engineering and mathematics.
  5. Providing formal education in schools and colleges with science-based education.
  6. To promote the culture of science in the society.

National Council of Science Museums- NCSM

  • The NCSM is an autonomous organization under the Ministry of Culture.
  • It is communicating science to empower people through its network of 25 science centers / museums spread across the country.
  • This organization organizes educational programs such as travel and short-term exhibitions, mobile science exhibitions to inspire the use of science and technology.
  • Presently, NCSM has become an important institution in the field of science communication at both national and international levels.

 

 

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