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19 September 2019 Current Affairs | Today Current Affairs
1. Union Government inaugurates 15 power projects in Jammu and Kashmir
19 September 2019 Current Affairs: Governor Satya Pal Malik to give nonstop power. The 6-8 hour control blackouts during winters as age plunge because of unforgiving winter conditions and request cross 11,000 megawatts. The Center is pushing for numerous undertakings worth ₹10,000 crores in Jammu and Kashmir.
The Minister initiated 15 tasks and established the framework for 20 others under various Centrally-supported plans in Srinagar. The plan is around 1 lakh LED (light-producing diode) road lights will be introduced in Srinagar city to the Srinagar Municipal Corporation.
The Anti-Corruption Bureau is testing a ₹25,000 crore trick in the Roshni Scheme. The plan where land possession was allowed to tenants to produce cash for power ventures.
The advancement works in Jammu and Kashmir will incite People of Pakistan Occupied Kashmir to rebel against Islamabad and join India.
Association Minister Jitendra Singh the progress of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh to Union Territories will be smooth. Any course of action or system which advances will be to the greatest advantage of the considerable number of partners. Dr. Jitendra Singh tending to the Annual Conference of Chief Secretaries and Principal Secretaries of all States in New Delhi. Due to Article 370, numerous progressions are actualized in Jammu and Kashmir.
What is Article 370?
Article 370 was presented in 1947 by Sheik Abdullah the Prime Minister of Jammu and Kashmir. Article 370 of the Indian constitution gives self-governing status to the territory of Jammu and Kashmir. The article is drafted as Temporary, Transitional and Special Provisions in Part XXI of the Constitution. The Indian Constitution still portrays it as a brief arrangement.
Article 370 gave six unique arrangements to Jammu and Kashmir:
- The State is permitted to have its own Constitution.
- The Central authoritative controls over the State were constrained to the three subjects of barrier, outside issues and interchanges.
- Only with the simultaneousness of the State Government, other sacred forces of the Indian Government could be stretched out to the State.
- The simultaneousness was just temporary. The State’s Constituent Assembly ought to endorse the arrangement.
- Until the State Constituent Assembly was framed, the State Government was offered specialist to give simultaneousness. When the State Constituent Assembly concluded the plan of forces and scattered, no further expansion of forces was conceivable.
- Only if the State’s Constituent Assembly favors the Article 370, it could be revoked or changed.
Under Article 370, the Center has no capacity to proclaim monetary crisis under Article 360 in the state. It can proclaim a crisis in the state just if there should be an occurrence of war or outside animosity.
2. Reliance Jio added 8.5 million subscribers in July Airtel and Vodafone Idea lost 6 million
19 September 2019 Current Affairs: Reliance Jio added 8.5 million subscribers in July, after very nearly three months of moderate expansion, even as the more seasoned occupants lost an aggregate six mn, as indicated by information from the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI).
Bharti Airtel announced 2.5 million endorsers leaving its system. Vodafone Idea had 3.4 million ways out. Jio’s most noteworthy detailed month to month expansion this year has been 9.4 million in March.
Both Jio and Airtel have crept up their broadband piece of the overall industry, to 56.2 percent and 20.5 percent, individually. The dynamic endorser base revealed by Trai has diminished to 83.2 percent, contrasted with 84.4 percent in June. Dependence Jio includes 8.5 mn supporters in July; Airtel increases 2.5 mn clients
The main five wired broadband specialist organizations were BSNL (9.05 million), Bharti Airtel (2.4 million), Atria Convergence Technologies (1.47 million), Hathway Cable and Datacom (0.85 million) and You Broadband (0.75 million). The wired broadband base is relied upon to experience a few changes as Jio starts offering business fiber administrations; Airtel has likewise propelled focused plans. The top remote broadband administrators are Jio (339.8 million endorsers), Airtel (121.5 million) and Vodafone Idea (110.9 million).
The quantity of phone supporters in India expanded from 1,186.63 million toward the part of the arrangement 1,189.28 mn toward the part of the bargain, 0.2 percent. Urban membership expanded from 675.58 million to 678.02 million; country membership from 511.05 million to 511.25 million.
The Teledensity expanded from 90.11 toward the part of the arrangement 90.23. The urban figure ascended from 160.78 to 161.12; provincial teledensity somewhat declined from 56.99 to 56.98.
3. Ministry of Social Justice unveils MIS portal
19 September 2019 Current Affairs: The Department of Empowerment of Persons with Disabilities (DEPwD) of the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment has uncovered a Management Information System (MIS) for partners of Accessible India Campaign (AIC). It was propelled by Shri Thaawarchand Gehlot, Union Minister for Social Justice and Empowerment.
MIS Portal: The MIS portal aims to bring together the nodal services, States and Union Territories on a solitary stage. The entryway will screen the advancement being made against each focus of AIC. It will likewise keep up all the capacity on the computerized stage and catch information consistently. The entrance has been made completely open for Divyangjans.
Nodal ministries: Different nodal services incorporated into the MIS Portal incorporates the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, Ministry of Civil Aviation, Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MHUA), Ministry of Railways, Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MietY), Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (I&B), and Ministry of Health and Family Welfare.
Accessible India Campaign (AIC): Available India Campaign (AIC) was propelled on 3 December 2015 by PM Narendra Modi. The battle expects to serve in an unexpected way capable network of India. AIC or Sugamya Bharat Abhiyan acts under the Persons with Disabilities Act, 1995. The demonstration goes for equivalent Opportunities and insurance of rights to Persons with Disabilities.
Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment:
- Ministers responsible: Thawar Chand Gehlot
- Headquarters: New Delhi
The Ministry is responsible for welfare, social justice and empowerment of disadvantaged and marginalized sections of society.
4. The 63rd IAEA Conference is being held at Vienna
19 September 2019 Current Affairs: The 63rd Annual Regular Session of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) General Conference is being held from 16 September to 20 September 2019 at Vienna, Austria.
Participants: The Indian designation to the gathering was going by Dr. K N Vyas, Chairman of Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) and Secretary of Department of Atomic Energy. Other high-positioning authorities and delegates from the IAEA Member States are taking an interest in the gathering.
India-IAEA: India keeps up critical investment in the IAEA. The 27th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC-2018) was held at Gandhinagar, Gujarat, on October 2018. It was a gathering for discourses on key material science and innovation issues.
Aside from this, India led 8 projects together with the IAEA. It expected to strengthen India’s coordinated effort with IAEA in limit building. India has intended to fabricate atomic power age limit planning to accomplish an extra limit of around 15,000 MWe. As of now, there are 21 reactors under the phase of development and arranging.
IAEA: Universal Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) was framed on 29 July 1957. It is headquartered in Vienna, Austria. There are 171 members states in the IAEA. The global association plans to advance the quiet utilization of atomic vitality. It additionally takes activities to repress the utilization of atomic vitality for military reasons, including atomic weapons.
5. Secunderabad station received the first green Platinum rating
19 September 2019 Current Affairs: Indian Green Building Council (IGBC) has awarded Secunderabad junction station of Indian Railways with a green Platinum rating. The greatest rail center is the main Indian Railways to be granted so.
Various initiatives: The Secunderabad station has been granted as it has presented a few vitality preservation activities and the consideration of current traveler conveniences.
Different activities include:
- Air-adapted holding up lobbies outfitted with CO2 sensors
- Installation of sun powered boards and LED lights
- Solid waste administration framework
Secunderabad junction station: The Secunderabad railroad station falls under the Secunderabad division of the South Central Railways (SCR) zone. It is the greatest rail center point in the twin urban areas of Hyderabad and Secunderabad. It is impacted by recorded Nizamesque engineering. The station building looks like a post.
Other awards: It has been granted ISO 14001-2015 Certificate-Environmental Management framework. It has additionally gotten the National Tourism Award 2016-2017.
Indian Green Building Council: Indian Green Building Council (IGBC) is a piece of the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII). It was shaped in 2001. The plans to empower a supportable assembled condition. It additionally attempts to encourage India to be one of the worldwide pioneers in the manageable fabricated condition by 2025. It incorporates creating activities like growing new green structure rating programs, affirmation administrations, and green structure preparing programs.
6. Cabinet approves ordinance to ban e-cigarettes
19 September 2019 Current Affairs: Cabinet has approved the Ordinance to Promulgate the Prohibition of Electronic Cigarettes (production, manufacture, import, export, transport, sale, distribution, storage, and advertisement), 2019 on 18 September 2019. The Cabinet meeting was led by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi. The statute points a noteworthy wellbeing and healthy activity for the nation.
Aim: The Ordinance plans to secure the populace, particularly the adolescent and youngsters, from the danger of habit through E-cigarettes. It is additionally expected that tobacco use will be decreased just as malady identified with it.
Provisions of the Ordinance: The mandate perceives any assembling, creation, import/send out, transport, deal including an online deal, conveyance or promotion including the online ad of e-cigarettes as a cognizable offense.
- First offense: Detainment of as long as 1 year or fine up to Rs.1 lakh or both.
- Subsequent offense: Detainment of as long as 3 years and a fine up to Rs.5 lakh.
- Storage of electronic-cigarettes: Storing the electronic-cigarettes will prompt a punishment of detainment as long as a half year or fine up to Rs 50,000 or both.
The owners of existing loads of e-cigarettes must store these stocks with the closest police headquarters.
The statute empowers the Sub-Inspector of Police as the Authorized Officer to make a move.
It likewise permits the Central or State Governments to assign some other proportionate officer(s) as Authorized Officer for authorization of the arrangements of the Ordinance.
Background: The proposition was started by the Health Ministry. Supported by the Indian Council of Medical analysis (ICMR) and a gifted board of trustees from AllMS and National Center for infection science, the Health Ministry said that it had found e-cigarettes containing vasoconstrictive. This component is extremely hurtful to wellbeing. In India, 16 States and 1 Union Territory (UT) have effectively restricted e-cigarettes in their wards.
What is an Ordinance? A mandate is a law that is declared by a state or national government without the consent of the assembly. Laws will slip by either if Parliament/State gathering doesn’t affirm of them inside about a month and a half of reassembly, or if disliking goals are passed by the two Houses.
Article 123 of the Constitution of India enables the President of India certain law-production forces to proclaim statutes when both of the two Houses of Parliament isn’t in session. The legislative head of a state can likewise issue laws under Article 123 when the state administrative gathering isn’t in session.
7. Researchers identify the worlds biggest amphibian
19 September 2019 Current Affairs: The scientists from the Zoological Society of London (ZSL) and London’s Natural History Museum have distinguished another type of mammoth lizard utilizing DNA from historical center examples. The 74-year-old exhibition hall example can be the world’s biggest amphibian. The specimens were collected in the 1920s.
The specialists discovered three unmistakable hereditary genealogies in lizards from China. The species are Andrias davidianus, Andrias sligoi, and a third species which still can’t yet to be named. Andrias davidianus was before considered as a solitary animal types.
Andrias sligoi: The presumed world’s greatest land and water proficient species has been named Andrias sligoi, or the South China monster lizard. It is suspected that it is the biggest land and water proficient among the 8,000 amphibians of land and water that are alive today. The thought regarding the species was first proposed during the 1920s dependent on a bizarre lizard from southern China that inhabited the time at London Zoo. This species can arrive at about two meters.
Chinese giant salamanders: Chinese monster lizards are typically considered as the world’s biggest amphibians. This species has been presently delegated Critically Endangered on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Redlist. The species which was once boundless all through focal, southern and eastern China have as of now moved broadly around China. The species is uncommon in wild however millions can be found in homesteads.
People moved the lizards around China to stock homesteads for sustenance. It is additionally utilized for therapeutic purposes. The species numbers have been disastrously declined as of late because of the ongoing overexploitation for sustenance. Pressing measures are being taken for the preservation of the species.
8. Delhi Cabinet approves to pay fees for class 10 and 12 students
Today Current Affairs: The Delhi Cabinet led by Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal has approved the state government’s proposal to pay the CBSE examination fees for class 10 and 12 students of its schools. The move will profit around 3.14 lakh students of the administration schools from 2019-20. The evaluated expense for the undertaking is Rs.57 crore. The State government will pay the sum straightforwardly to the CBSE and the understudies won’t need to take any weight or hang tight for repayments.
Fee hike: In August, the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) report an expense climb for class 10 and 12. According to the warning, the charges for general category students for classes 10 and 12 was expanded from Rs.750 to Rs.1,500 for five subjects. For the Scheduled Caste (SC) and Scheduled Tribe (ST), the expense has been expanded from Rs.375 to Rs.1,200 for five subjects.
9. UK returned the stolen bronze image of Buddha
Today Current Affairs: London police returned the 12th Century AD Bronze image of Buddha which was stolen from the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) Museum at Nalanda in 1961 to the Indian High Commission. Money Minister Nirmala Sitharaman gave over the statue to the Culture Minister Prahlad Singh Patel.
The bronze image of Buddha: The twelfth Century AD Bronze picture of Buddha seated in the Bhumipasara mudra was taken by the British in August 1961. The craftsmanship was affected by Buddhism. It was among the 19 bronze statues taken from ASI Nalanda site gallery. In 2018, the statue was spotted by the India Pride Project, an online volunteer gathering of an Art fan, at a bartering composed by a London based vendor. Global Council of Museums (ICOM) investigated the picture and affirmed that it was the one taken from Nalanda exhibition hall.
International Council of Museums (ICOM): ICOM was built up in the year 1946. ICOM, the main global organization in the gallery field, is situated in Paris, France. The non-legislative association keeps up formal relations with UNESCO. ICOM examines and takes measures on issues identified with social legacy. ICOM is dynamic in 141 countries with 119 national boards of trustees. It additionally advances limit building and advances learning. It raises open social mindfulness through worldwide systems and co-activity programs.
10. RBI restricted access to credit data of consumers
Today Current Affairs: The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has asked the banks and non-banking account organizations (NBFCs) to consumers’ credit data on 16 September. The move plans to affect the plan of action of balance tech organizations. The Central bank has asked the banks and NBFCs to execute the measures in 15 days.
- The Credit Information Companies (Regulation) Act, 2005 (CICRA) abuses the sharing of data. RBI has cautioned that it will punish the directed elements in the event of any break.
- RBI additionally asked the Banks and NBFCs to provide details of every retail loan to all four credit information bureaus namely:
4.CRIF High Mark
- RBI has additionally looked for clearness on the arrangements under which the information was being shared under CICRA
Reason behind the move: RBI has discovered that banks and NBFCs that have partnered forces with the fintech companies and institutional specialists, give them access to the information without the assent of the purchasers. These operators incorporate examination firms, IT organizations, online commercial centers, and institutional specialists. The re-appropriating model was accessible in the previous couple of years. RBI likewise figured the example of information sharing showed up during an annual audit of certain banks.
11. Indian Bank board gives in-principle nod to merge Allahabad Bank with itself
Today Current Affairs: The board of Indian Bank given its in-principle approval for its amalgamation with Allahabad Bank. The Chennai-headquartered Indian Bank’s board held a gathering. The to talk about the merger, where it gave it is on a fundamental level endorsement to the merger, the bank educated the stock trades.
The board affirmed the proposed capital implantation of up to ₹5,000 crore by the Center through particular distribution to the administration. The Central government as of late declared the merger of 10 open part banks into four.
Indian Bank will gain Allahabad Bank (fundamentally present in eastern India) to frame the seventh-biggest open division bank. The board after considerations passed on it is on a fundamental level endorsement for the amalgamation of Allahabad Bank with Indian Bank
After the amalgamation, the joined element will have more than 6,100 branches the nation over and abroad nearness in three nations, it said. The business after the amalgamation will be more than Rs8 lakh crore.
The Union government a month ago endorsed to blend 10 state-possessed banks into four substances, to reinforce them and furthermore to cut various freely hold banks into of the worldwide measured banks.
Among the other amalgamation proposition, Punjab National Bank is to blend the Oriental Bank of Commerce and the United Bank of India with itself. What’s more, Canara Bank will blend its territorial companion Syndicate Bank with itself.
12. World Bamboo Day was observed on 18 September
Today Current Affairs: World Bamboo Day was observed on 18 September every year. It was observed by the World Bamboo Organisation (WBO). The Day intends to bring issues to light to conserve and promote the bamboo industry. The days additionally expects to carry the capability of bamboo to secure the characteristic assets and the earth and to guarantee supportable use of bamboo. It advances new development of bamboo for new ventures in districts far and wide for network financial improvement.
Centre’s action towards bamboo: Bamboo is known as a poor man’s timber and green gold. Bamboo develops quick, low on support and has adaptable potential. After China, India is the world’s second-largest cultivator of bamboo. The State of Environment report 2018 said that there are 136 species and 23 genera of bamboo spread over 13.96 million hectares in India.
In 2017, the Indian Parliament declassified bamboo as a tree on non-woods lands. The Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare propelled the National Bamboo Mission with an expert to give a lift to vocation and natural grounds. Likewise, the Ministry of Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises (MSME) propelled a plan named SFURTI (Scheme of Fund for Regeneration of Traditional Industries) with an expert to help conventional businesses and bamboo craftsmen.
World Bamboo Organisation (WBO): WBO was first established as the International Bamboo Association (IBA) in the year 1991 at the International Bamboo Workshop in Chiangmai, Thailand. In 1998, IBA was restored as the World Bamboo Organization (WBO). WBO is a non-benefit association that means to improve and advance the utilization of bamboo and the results of bamboo for nature and economy.